There is a big reason to worry for climate change activists, as a recent study by NASA has concluded that the carbon cycle in the Arctic region is gathering pace. The fact that as many as 11 wildfires occurred in the northern part of the Arctic Circle is a prime testimony to the study. The characteristic of the landscape in the Arctic is also now moving towards the North American boreal forests, as opposed to the icy Arctic, owing to the fact that carbon is now spending 13% less time than it did 40 years ago, of staying trapped in the Arctic Circle’s frozen soil.
A further analysis of the study has led the researchers to unanimously believe that the Mean carbon residence time in the vegetation for the period 2004-13 was 13.4% lower than that for 1979-88. This is a matter of concern, as the typical permafrost soils in the Arctic and sub-Arctic Tundra, in spite of covering just 8% of the global land surface, hold around half of the planet’s underground organic carbon, as well as twice as much carbon than is present in the atmosphere currently. Researchers at MIT state that the Arctic’s Carbon sink is unstable due to multiple reasons. Maddie Stone stated in Earther in July that only a small fraction of the carbon trapped in the permafrost needs to escape in the atmosphere to have major climatic impacts, the effects of which are well-known to the people across the world.
Meanwhile, Boston is facing a severe heat wave, and scientists are saying that this may be a sign of things to come. Boston is recording the hottest summer in terms of average mean temperature, and there have been 15 days since June 1, when the recorded temperature has been 90 degrees or more, which has sometimes been made intensely uncomfortable by the extreme humidity. The researchers state that the local and regional weather patterns are getting severely affected by the distortion of the natural atmospheric circulation patterns due to the Greenhouse effect. Researchers also stated that the studies showed that the weather in the mid-latitudes will become more persistent, thus prolonging the heat waves.